পাঁচমুড়ার টেরাকোটা ও বিকনার ডোকরা | Panchmura Terracotta | Bikna Dokra| Terracotta
ভিডিও ক্রেডিট – Let’s Go With Soumalya
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Panchmura is 21 km from Bishnupur and is famous for the terracotta Bankura horse, a folk artefact and now the national symbol for Indian handicrafts. The terracotta Bankura horse, the logo of All India Handicrafts, and an item which now adorns drawing rooms across the world as symbols of Indian folk-art, is produced in Panchmura Manasa chali is the idol of Debi Manasa. It is a unique terracotta sculpture of Panchmura, West Bengal. Manasa chali has a small figure or a group of three figures in the middle, with rows of snake hoods fanning out in a half moon shape.
Dhokra at Bikna There is a small community living in Bikna who are involved in making dhokra handicrafts. Thirty-six related families live in this close-knit clan community. Their forefathers came from Chhotanagpur and are believed to have been nomads but now they are firmly settled here and have even adopted a Sanskritised surname ‘Karmakar’, which is close, in its meaning to the English surname ‘Smith’. They follow the cire purdue or lost wax process for making small metallic decorative items.
They have been facing problems where their traditional furnaces for melting the metal was proving to be uneconomic and raising costs. An organization named NISTADS got involved in developing a new furnace for the Bikna artisans. The clash of modernity and traditions had its own problems. However, the modern furnace has found acceptance at both Bikna and Dwaraipur, some two hours by road, in Purba Bardhaman district, another place where around 20 families are involved in the dhokra craft.